During an eye examination, the eye health worker will typically perform a visual acuity test to assess the clarity of vision at various distances. Patients are then sent to Ophthalmologist who in turn does a slit lamp examination after detail history taking. Patient may then be sent for refraction , treatment room, fundus photography, visual field, ortho=optic, contact lens, vision therapy, low vision service, OCT, laser, tonometry etc. as per their need.
Patient needing surgical care are dated and provided surgery as per their need.
Prescription Glasses/Contact lens
Prescription glasses and contact lenses are two common solutions for correcting vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Prescription glasses work by using lenses that refract light and redirect it onto the retina in the back of the eye, allowing for clear vision. Contact lenses are placed directly on the eye and work by correcting how light enters the eye, allowing for clear vision without needing glasses.
Both prescription glasses and contact lenses come in a variety of styles and options to suit individual needs and preferences. Glasses can be made with different types of lenses, such as single vision, bifocal, or progressive lenses, and can be customized with various coatings to improve clarity and reduce glare. Contact lenses are available in different types, including daily disposables, monthly disposables, and extended-wear lenses.
When choosing between glasses and contact lenses, factors to consider include comfort, convenience, cost, and lifestyle. Glasses are typically easier to maintain and require less daily upkeep, while contact lenses offer the benefit of not obstructing the wearer’s vision or interfering with activities such as sports or outdoor activities. However, contact lenses require more daily maintenance and may be more expensive over time.
Ultimately, the choice between prescription glasses and contact lenses depends on the individual’s specific needs and preferences and should be made in consultation with an eye care professional.
Treatment of Eye Diseases
The treatment of eye diseases depends on the specific condition and severity of the disease. Here are summaries of the treatments for four common eye diseases:
- Retina: The retina is a delicate layer of tissue at the back of the eye that is responsible for transmitting visual information to the brain. Retinal diseases such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment can lead to vision loss. Treatments for retinal diseases include medication injections, laser therapy, and surgery. For example, Avastin injections can help slow the progression of macular degeneration, while retinal detachment may require surgery to repair the tear in the retina.
- Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss. Treatment for glaucoma may include eye drops, laser surgery, or traditional surgery. Eye drops can help reduce intraocular pressure, which is often the cause of glaucoma, while laser surgery can help improve drainage in the eye to reduce pressure.
- Cornea: The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped layer at the front of the eye that helps focus light. Corneal diseases such as keratitis, corneal dystrophy, and keratoconus can cause vision loss and discomfort. Treatment for corneal diseases may include eye drops, medication, or surgery.
- Oculoplastic: Oculoplastic surgery involves the treatment of eye conditions related to the eyelids, tear ducts, and surrounding facial structures. This may include treatments for conditions such as ptosis (drooping eyelid), entropion (inward-turning eyelid), or tumors. Oculoplastic treatments may involve surgery to repair or remove tissue, or non-surgical treatments such as injections or fillers to restore volume or smooth out wrinkles.
In all cases, it is important to seek the advice of an eye care professional for the proper diagnosis and treatment of any eye diseases or conditions.
Eye surgery is a medical procedure that is performed to correct or improve various eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachments. The type of eye surgery performed depends on the specific condition and may involve the use of lasers, implants, or traditional surgical techniques.
Here are some common types of eye surgeries in our centers :
- Cataract surgery: Cataract surgery is a common procedure that involves removing the cloudy lens of the eye and replacing it with a clear artificial lens. The surgery is usually done on an outpatient basis and can often be completed in under half an hour. Both small incision cataract surgery and Phacoemulsification are done at the center.
- Glaucoma surgery: Glaucoma surgery is done to help reduce intraocular pressure in the eye, which is often the cause of the condition. The surgery may involve the use of lasers or traditional surgical techniques to improve drainage in the eye and reduce pressure.
- Retinal surgery: Retinal surgery may be necessary to repair a detached retina or to remove scar tissue that is interfering with vision. The surgery may involve the use of lasers or traditional surgical techniques to repair or replace the damaged tissue.
- Eyelid surgery: Eyelid surgery, also known as blepharoplasty, is a cosmetic surgery that is done to improve the appearance of the eyelids or to correct functional problems such as ptosis (drooping eyelids) or entropion (inward-turning eyelids). The surgery may involve the removal of excess skin, muscle, or fat tissue from the eyelids.
Low Vision Services
Low vision services are specialized services designed to help individuals with visual impairments make the most of their remaining vision. These services are provided by trained optometrists and ophthalmologists.
Low vision services may include:
- Visual aids: These may include magnifying devices such as handheld magnifiers, electronic magnifiers, and telescopic lenses. Other visual aids may include filters to reduce glare and improve contrast and special lighting devices.
- Rehabilitation services: Rehabilitation services may include training in activities of daily living, behavioral skills, motor and sensory skills, and using technology, and training in orientation and mobility, which can help individuals navigate their environment safely. Besides, psycho-social counselling also is imparted.
- Assistive technology: Assistive technology can include devices such as screen readers and screen magnifiers for computers, and speech-to-text software.
- Counseling: Counseling services can help individuals cope with the emotional and psychological impact of their visual impairment, as well as provide guidance on adapting to a new way of life.
Pediatric Eye Care
Pediatric eye care refers to the specialized eye care provided to infants, children, and teenagers. This type of eye care is important as children’s eyes are still developing and may require monitoring and treatment to prevent vision problems later in life.
Pediatric eye care treatment includes:
- Vision screenings: Vision screenings are used to detect any visual problems in children at an early age. The screening can help identify conditions such as amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed eyes), and refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism).
- Comprehensive eye exams: Comprehensive eye exams are important for detecting any eye conditions or diseases that may affect a child’s vision. These exams include tests for visual acuity, eye tracking, eye teaming, and eye focusing.
- Corrective lenses: Corrective lenses, including glasses and contact lenses, may be prescribed to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.
- Vision therapy: Vision therapy is a non-surgical treatment option that can help improve visual skills, such as eye tracking, focusing, and teaming. This type of therapy may be recommended for children with amblyopia or other conditions that affect their visual development.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct vision problems or to treat conditions such as strabismus or cataracts.
Early detection and treatment of visual problems in children can help prevent more serious vision problems later in life and improve a child’s overall quality of life.
Vision Field Testing
Vision field testing is a diagnostic procedure that assesses the extent and quality of an individual’s visual field. This test measures the entire area of vision that a person can see while keeping their head and eyes fixed in one position. Vision field testing is often performed to diagnose and monitor conditions that affect the visual field, such as glaucoma, optic neuritis, and brain tumors. It can also be used to assess the extent of damage caused by a stroke or head injury.
During vision field testing, the individual is asked to focus on a central point while small flashes of light are presented at various locations around the central point. The individual responds by indicating when they see each flash of light. Vision field testing is a safe and non-invasive procedure that provides valuable information about an individual’s visual field. It can help diagnose and monitor a range of eye and neurological conditions and provide important information for surgical planning.
Visual Field Testing
Visual field testing is a diagnostic procedure that measures the range of vision that an individual can perceive without moving their eyes. This type of testing can detect a range of visual impairments, including blind spots and reduced peripheral vision. Visual field testing is typically performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist and can be conducted using a variety of methods, including manual testing with the patient’s response to light stimuli, as well as computerized tests that measure the patient’s visual response time and accuracy.
Visual field testing can help diagnose a range of visual impairments, including glaucoma, macular degeneration, and other optic nerve and retinal disorders. It is a safe and non-invasive procedure that provides valuable information for diagnosing and treating visual impairments.